Baby girl buried alive is in Hell?

Baby girl buried alive is in Hell

Ibn Mas’ud reported God’s messenger as saying, “The one who buries her daughter alive and the one who is buried alive go to hell.”

Reference : Mishkat al-Masabih 112
In-book reference : Book 1, Hadith 105

How THIS can be a Hadith..?? 🤔🤔🤔
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In sum, the pre-Islamic Arab custom of burying their unwanted baby girls alive is condemned explicitly in the Quran. No one may be punished for sins they have not committed, neither in this life or in the Hereafter. The hadith stating that the maw’udah is in Hellfire means maw’udah la ha, the one for whom it was done. In this way, the hadith can be reconciled with the Quran.

Therefore, according to many scholars, the word maw’udah in this tradition cannot mean the baby girl herself. Rather, it refers to the one who ordered for the girl to be buried (maw’udah laha) and this brings the hadith in agreement with the Quran. The missing particle is implied by the context.

Al-Baydawi commented on this tradition, writing:

المراد بالوائدة القابلة وبالموؤدة الموؤدة لها وهي أم الطفل فحذفت الصلة إذ كان من ديدنهم أن المرأة إذا أخذها الطلق حفر لها حفرة عميقة فجلست عليها والقابلة وراءها تترقب الولد فإن ولدت ذكرا أمسكت وإن ولدت أنثى ألقتها في تلك الحفرة وأهالت عليها التراب

the meaning of ‘the burier’ is the midwife and the maw’udah is the one for whom she was buried, which is the child’s mother. Thus, the connecting particle was dropped. It was their custom that when the woman was sized by labor pains, a deep hole would be dug for her to sit over and the midwife would be behind her waiting for the child. If she gave birth to a boy, she would keep it. If she gave birth to a girl, she would throw it in the hole and cover it with dirt.

Source: Tuḥfat al-Abrār 1/110

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