How to perform Tayamum

How to Perform Tayammum

How to Perform Tayammum
Situations Where Tayammum Is Done

Tayammum cannot be made at will or when one feels wudoo is inconvenient.  There are specific situations where it can be made:

(1) 🛑 If you cannot find water or the water is not enough for wudoo. Before making tayammum, you should try to get appropriate water from any accessible place you can find it.  Only if you cannot find good water, or it is too far away, can you make tayammum.
‘Imran bin Husain, one of the companions of Prophet Muhammad said, “We were with the Messenger of Allah during a journey.  When he led the people in prayer, one man stayed apart.  He asked him, “What prevented you from praying?”  He said, ‘I need a purifying bath and there is not sufficient water.’  He said, ‘Use the soil, for it is sufficient.’’’[ 3]

(2) 🛑 Injury or illness.
You may perform tayammum if you think using water will worsen your disease based on past experience or the doctor’s advice. A person hospitalized who is unable to make wudoo, may keep a bag with some clean soil to make tayammum.

(3)  🛑 If the water is harmful to you because it is too cold and for some reason you cannot heat it up.
‘Amr ibn al-’Aas narrated that he was participating in an expedition.  He had a wet dream during an extremely cold night, and was afraid that if he performed ghusl he would die.  He prayed the morning prayer with his companions.  He then went to the Messenger of Allah to ask him about this.  The Prophet, may the mercy and blessings of Allah be upon him, said, “O ‘Amr, did you pray with your companions while you needed a purifying bath?”  ‘Amr mentioned the verse, “Do not kill yourselves, Allah is merciful to you” to the Prophet.  The Prophet just smiled and didn’t say anything.[ 4]

(4) 🛑 If the water is nearby, but you cannot reach it due to fear.

(5)🛑  If you have water, but you need it for cooking, or are saving it for use later.  For example, this may arise while camping.  Many of the companions would save their drinking water and performed tayammum.

(6) 🛑 If you fear the time for salah (ritual prayer) will be over by the time you get to water.

[ 3] Saheeh Al-Bukhari, Saheeh Muslim
[ 4] Ahmad, Abu Dawud

How to Perform Tayammum

1.    You must have the intention of purifying yourself and removing impurity.  The intention is in the heart and is not uttered.
2.    Say ‘Bismillah’ (I begin with the name of Allah).
3.    Gently touch the ground or a dusty surface with the palms of both hands.
4.    Blow on the hands and shake off any access, so as not to make the face dusty.
5.    Wipe the palms together, then the face, and then the palms and backs of the hands up to the wrists.
Ammar, Prophet’s companion, said, “We became sexually impure and had no water, so we rolled in the dirt as does an animal and prayed.”  This was mentioned to the Prophet and he said:
“This would have been enough for you,”
…and he struck the earth with his hands, blew in them and then wiped his face and hands with them.”[ 5]
[ 5] Saheeh Al-Bukhari, Saheeh Muslim


Soil Used for Tayammum
It is permissible to do tayammum with anything that is from the earth:
·       clean soil or dust
·       any dusty surface
·       sand
·       a wall if it is made of something from earth (rocks or mud bricks), but not if it has a clean painted or wooden surface
·       any type of wall with dust on it


What Can You Do After Making Tayammum?
You can basically do anything for which wudoo is done like praying salah (ritual prayer) and touching the Quran.


What Nullifies Tayammum

Tayammum is invalid if water is present and can be used for wudoo.  Other than that, everything that nullifies wudoo nullifies tayammum:
(1)  Breaking wind.
(2)  Passing urine.
(3)  Passing feces.
(4)  The release of prostatic fluid and wadiy (thick white fluid that comes after urinating).
(5)  Deep sleep.
(6) Sexual intercourse or emission of sperm or female orgasmic fluid.
If you pray salah (ritual prayer) after performing tayammum and then find water, you do not have to repeat that salah even if time is left for that salah.